Dementor Wasp Profile
The Dementor Wasp (Ampulex dementor) is a species of cockroach wasp. It is native to Thailand and has red and black coloring.
They are a parasitoid, known for preying on cockroaches, to incubate their eggs and to feed.
Photo courtesy of ‘The Soul-Sucking Wasp by Popular Acclaim’. 1
Dementer Wasp Facts Overview
|Habitat:||Along the Mekong River|
|Size:||9.5 – 11 mm|
|Weight:||1 – 1.2 grams|
|Color:||Red/Orange & Black|
|Predators:||Reptiles & Birds.|
|Top Speed:||40 Kph (25 Mph)|
|No. of Species:
The Dementor Wasp has a rather peculiar behavior towards its prey, cockroaches. The wasp will sting one on the head, releasing a toxin that goes directly to the neural nodes.
The toxin will act as a blocker of the octopamine receptors of the cockroach. Essentially, this leaves the cockroach alive, but without the ability to control its own movements. While the muscle functions are still operational, the cockroach will run into the wasp nest, as if it was directed to do so.
This allows for an easier capture. There is no explanation at this point as to what causes the cockroach to run into a nest as if responding to a call or notion.
The science world has also coined a term to describe cockroaches that fall victim to the Dementor Wasp. Researchers who spent time examining the actions of pacified and poisoned cockroaches as being simply ‘passive zombies’ once the wasp venom reaches its goal and begins to take effect.
Dementor wasps were only recently discovered and quite rare, so not much is know about them. Due to the destruction of their habitat, their convervation status is thought to be threatened.
Interesting Dementor Wasp Facts
1. The dementor wasp paralyses cockroaches with venom to the head, turning them into a zombie-like creature, with seemingly no free will of its own.
Although the cockroach is capable of movement, they seem unable to direct themselves. In their zombie, or ‘drunken-like’ state from the deadly dose of neurotoxins, they will follow the wasps encouragement, directly into it’s burrow.
2. The dementor wasp will lay eggs on the cockroach to act as an incubator.
After a few days, the eggs will hatch and the larva will feed on the cockroach, until they are old enough to leave the nest. They instinctively feed on non vital organs first, to keep the cockroach alive for longer, seemingly to keep their host and food as fresh as possible. 2
3. The dementor wasp was first discovered in Thailand in 2007, & named in 2014.
The dementor wasp was among 139 new species found in the Greater Mekong Region and named in 2014, which is a hub of biodiversity and little known plant, aminal or insect species. The region covers the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand and Vietnam, and is one of the world’s richest and diverse wildlife areas – with over 2,216 new species discovered in the past 17 years. 3
4. The dementor wasp was named after the soul-sucking ‘dementors’ in Harry Potter.
After it’s discovery, researchers decided to give the public a say in naming of the new species in the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Museum goers, felt the wasps terrifying hunting method was akin to the soul sucking ‘dementor’ creatures in J.K Rowling’s novels. 4
5. Its cousin, the emerald cockroach wasp or ‘jewel wasp’ has the same unusual behavior towards cockroaches, using them as a host for larvae.
While they share the same behaviour, they are quite different in appearance and habitat. They emerald cockroach wasp is shiny-blue green, and mostly found in the tropical regions of South Asia, Africa, and the Pacific islands.
The video below, shows a jewel wasp finding a cockroach host and going through complete metamorphosis from egg, to larva, pupa and finally transforming into a wasp from within.
6. They mimic ants.
They genus Ampulex has 130 species which have a general ant-like appearance and mimic the way ants move. Some species are known to copy ants, as they can be considered unpalatable or aggressive by predators. While other ant mimicking is to help hunt ants.
7. The dementor wasps future is unknown, as their habitat is under threat.
The demontor wasp lives in one of the top five threatened habitats in the world along the Mekong River, according to the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund. While it can fly, it’s thought that it’s fate is tied to that particular region. 5
Dementor Wasp Fact-File Summary
Fact Sources & References
- By Bernard Schurian – Ohl M, Lohrmann V, Breitkreuz L, Kirschey L, Krause S (2014) The Soul-Sucking Wasp by Popular Acclaim, via Plos.org
- “Recently-Discovered Wasp Species Named For Harry Potter Creature”, via IFL Science.
- “”Dementor’ wasp among 139 new species found in Mekong”, via The BBC.
- “The Soul-Sucking Wasp by Popular Acclaim – Museum Visitor Participation in Biodiversity Discovery and Taxonomy”, via PLOS One.
- “‘Soul-sucking dementor wasp’ among new species already at risk says WWF”, via The BBC.